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COVID-19 Updates for the U.S. Retail and Real Estate Industry

With numerous 'states of emergency' being declared across the country – providing governors and their staff flexibility to react to the constantly changing conditions resulting from COVID-19 – this page summarizes the actions taken by states and localities.

As this situation is rapidly evolving, we encourage you to visit the web pages of the state government that you are researching or to contact your governors’ offices or local government agencies


March 24: The City of Birmingham issued a "shelter in place" order that goes into effect immediately and stands until April 3. The ordinance prevents city residents from traveling or leaving their homes except to go to work, buy essential items and groceries, go to the doctor or exercise

March 22:  All Jefferson County non-essential retail stores are mandated to shut down in the most sweeping of any such regulation in any Alabama county.

March 20: Gov. Kay Ivey issued an update Friday afternoon on the statewide public health order originally issued the day before. Effective Friday, all non-work related gatherings of 25 persons or more, or non-work related gatherings of any size that cannot maintain a consistent 6-foot distance between persons, are prohibited. Ivey said employers should take all reasonable steps to meet these standards for employees and customers, and she has no intention of slowing down the workforce through “unnecessary, burdensome regulations.”


March 24: Gov. Dunleavy and the State of Alaska issued a mandate to go into effect March 25 at 12:01 a.m., and will be reevaluated by April 21.  The mandate quarantines visitors to Alaska and closes all businesses, congregations, or gatherings in the State of Alaska, where individuals are within six feet of each other

March 21:  Anchorage - Mayor Ethan Berkowitz has ordered residents to stay at home as much as possible effective Sunday at 10 p.m. until March 31. He called it a "hunker down" order

March 17: Gov. Mike Dunleavy closed all restaurants and bars statewide to dine-in services, effective Wednesday at 5 p.m. with takeout and delivery allowed.  The closure is through April 1. It also applies to all entertainment facilities, including theaters, gyms, bowling alleys and bingo halls


March 31: Gov. Ducey has issued a stay-at-home order in effect until April 30. Residents are allowed to conduct essential activities and utilize services or products provided by essential business services. 


March 24 – Governor Asa Hutchinson has issued a directive forcing all restaurants and bars to shut down their dining rooms and to offer to-go and deliveries only. Dr. Nate Smith with the Arkansas Department of Health has ordered salons, barbershops and tattoo shops close their doors in response to the COVID-19 outbreak in Arkansas.


March 19: Gov. Gavin Newsom on Thursday ordered Californians to stay at home, marking the first mandatory restrictions placed on the lives of all 40 million residents in the state’s fight against the novel coronavirus. The mandatory order allows Californians to continue to visit gas stations, pharmacies, grocery stores, farmers markets, food banks, convenience stores, takeout and delivery restaurants, banks and laundromats. The text of the order can be found here.

March 18: Mayors in Los Angeles and San Francisco have announced moratoriums on commercial evictions, following Gov. Newsom's Executive Order, which lifted state law restrictions on local government's ability to impose limitations on commercial evictions


March 26: Gov. Polis issued a statewide stay-at-home order beginning Thursday until April 11. A number of counties and cities in the state, including Denver and Boulder, had previously issued their own stay-at-home orders. Those exempt from the order include defense contractors, emergency services, medical services, pharmacies, grocery stores, truck drivers, farmers, child care workers and the media. Residents will only be allowed to leave their homes for critical needs such as getting medical attention or medical supplies, grocery shopping or those working in jobs exempt of the order.


March 20: Gov. Ned Lamont orders workers at ‘nonessential’ businesses to stay home during coronavirus outbreak. Grocery stores, pharmacies, banks, gas stations and other necessary businesses will be allowed to remain open. Restaurants will still be able to provide takeout services, and package stores will remain open as well.

District of Columbia

March 30: Mayor Bowser issued a stay-at-home order. This order reinforces the Mayor’s direction to residents to stay at home except to perform essential activities.


April 1: Gov. DeSantis has issued a new stay-at-home order. The order goes into effect Thursday at midnight and will last for at least 30 days. The order mandates that Floridians stay home unless they're going out for essential services or activities. See the order here


April 1: Gov. Brian Kemp announced that he would issue a statewide order for all residents to shelter in place, following a similar stay-at-home order in Atlanta and other areas. The order would be in effect until April 13.


March 23: The governor issued a sweeping “stay-at-home" order for the state as part of an aggressive push to stop the spread of coronavirus in the islands. The order goes into effect Wednesday at 12:01 a.m. and continues through April 30.


March  25: Gov. Little has issued an order for Idahoans to stay home. The order will last for 21 days. Essential activities, like going to grocery stores or picking up food from restaurants, still are allowed. Outdoor exercise near home is also allowed. Among the activities exempted from the order are those related to health care, public safety and other essential work. Businesses that don’t provide essential services “must take all steps necessary for employees to work remotely from home,” according to the guidance. Restaurant dining rooms will be closed statewide, but takeout and delivery can continue.


March 31: Gov. Pritzker has extended the state’s stay-at-home order until April 30.


March 21: Des Moines Mayor Frank Cownie has urged residents to impose a strict practice of “Stay Home, Stay Healthy.” Cownie recommends that for at least two weeks, Des Moines residents limit the time outside of their homes for only the most essential needs such as groceries, medicine and health care, including getting fresh air and exercise while appropriately social distancing. He stressed that such efforts should be limited to one or two people per household and not become a family outing

March 22: Gov. Kim Reynolds issued an order closing all hair and nail salons, pools, tanning facilities and tattoo parlors through March in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. But she is vowing to keep childcare open by looking to expand options statewide

March 17: Gov. Kim Reynolds issued a State of Public Health Disaster Emergency to last through March 31st. This requires closing restaurants and bars to the general public, although it allows carry-out, drive-through, and delivery. Fitness centers, health clubs, gyms, and aquatic centers are closed, along with theaters, casinos, and gaming facilities. Planned large gatherings and events of more than 10 people must be canceled or postponed until the public health disaster is over

March 17: Cedar Rapids - Bars and restaurants to close for St. Patrick’s Day, and guidelines provided for limiting patron activity going forward


March 28: Gov. Laura Kelly has announced a statewide stay-at-home order.  That order begins Monday, March 30 and runs until at least April 19.  The order means Kansans should stay home unless they're going to get food, household necessities, medical care or other essential services.

March 17: Gov. Laura Kelly has ordered a temporary prohibition on evictions and foreclosures across the state.


March 30: Louisiana Gov. Edwards has extended his statewide stay-at-home order through at least April 30.


March 31:  Maine Gov. Janet Mills issued a stay-at-home order that will take effect in Maine beginning Thursday.  The order will be in effect until April 30. Schools in the state will be closed until at least May 1, and people entering Maine or returning from trips are being told to self-quarantine for 14 days. People will only be allowed to leave their homes to work at an essential business or partake in an essential function like grocery shopping, going to a pharmacy, taking care of a loved one or performing a light recreational activity like walking, running or fishing.


March 30: Governor Hogan has issued a stay at home order.  Marylanders may only leave their homes for essential work, to get food or prescriptions or for other “absolutely necessary” reasons. The ban includes restrictions on traveling outside of the state and riding public transportation.

March 23: All nonessential businesses ordered to close by Gov. Larry Hogan effective 5:00pm Monday.  Essential businesses providing medical care, as well as food providers and groceries, will be permitted to remain open. Other businesses unaffected include lodging and hotels, home-improvement supply stores, laundry services, self-storage, large manufacturers — among others.  The Gov. did not share any changes or mandatory closures on day cares in the state.  Car dealerships, clothing stores, performing arts companies, salons,  and schools are among the many nonessential activities ordered to shut down. Restaurants will be allowed to continue carryout and delivery business, and liquor stores will remain open.


March 31: Gov. Baker extended the stay-at-home advisory in his state through May 4. The original order closed all nonessential businesses and limited social gatherings to 10 people.


March 23: Gov. Gretchen Whitmer has signed the “Stay Home, Stay Safe” Executive Order (EO 2020-21), directing all Michigan businesses and operations to temporarily suspend in-person operations that are not necessary to sustain or protect life.

March 16: Governor Whitmer Signs Executive Order Temporarily Closing Bars, Theaters, Casinos, and Other Public Spaces; Limiting Restaurants to Delivery and Carry-Out Orders


March 25: Gov. Tim Walz has ordered Minnesotans to stay at home for two weeks. The order isn’t a complete lockdown and it allows essential activities and services to continue. The order will be effective Friday, March 27 at 11:59 p.m. to Friday, April 10. Walz also announced that the closure of bars and restaurants will be extended to at least May 1

March 18: The Governor has classified grocery store workers as Tier 2 emergency workers. This allows frontline workers free childcare

March 17: Gov. Tim Walz has ordered the partial closure of bars, restaurants, entertainment venues and other attractions effective at 5 p.m. until March 27 at 5 p.m. Drive-thru and takeout can continue


April 1: Gov. Reeves has signed a new executive order establishing a statewide shelter-in-place for Mississippi.


March 21:  Officials in Missouri's largest cities have ordered a mandatory stay-at-home rule for residents. St. Louis Mayor Lyda Krewson and St. Louis County Executive Sam Page said the measure will allow people to go to grocery stores, pharmacies, doctors' appointments, restaurants for carryout, to work for most businesses and to exercise outside.  In the Kansas City area, residents of the Jackson County and Wyandotte and Johnson counties in neighboring Kansas were ordered to stay home for anything other than "essential needs." That includes child care, health care, grocery stores, pharmacies and delivery/carry-out/drive-thru services from restaurants

March 21:  Gov. Mike Parson announced a statewide social distancing order effective starting 12:01 a.m. Monday, March 23, in effect until 12:01 a.m. Monday, April 6, 2020. The order limits gatherings of non-family members to ten or less.  The use of drive-thru, pickup, or delivery options is allowed throughout the duration of this order, but the order does not prohibit people from visiting a variety of places, including grocery stores, gas stations, parks, and banks, so long as necessary precautions are taken to reduce the transmission of COVID-19, including maintaining at least six feet of distance between all individuals that are not family members.


March 26: Gov. Bullock has issued a stay at home order, in effect from March 28 until April 10, that also closes non-essential businesses. Essential services and businesses will remain operational and open but are required to comply with social distancing guidelines when possible including maintaining six feet of distance, having sanitizing products available, and designating hours of operation specifically for vulnerable populations. The directive also prohibits all public and private gatherings of any number of people occurring outside a household or place of residence 


March 23:  Gov. Ricketts announced the state will not be moving to a stay-at-home mandate. This is because of state leaders working closely with UNMC on a plan that will just limit the number of people in an area to ten

March 17: Gov. Ricketts limits events to prevent COVID-19 spread. Bars and restaurants will move to takeout only on a regional basis. 


April 1: Gov. Sisolak issued a statewide stay-at-home order. The order will be in effect until at least April 30. It also extends the previously mandated closure of schools, casinos and all nonessential businesses an additional two weeks, to at least April 30.

New Hampshire

March 26: Gov. Sununu has issued a stay at home order that will remain in effect until May 4. All non-essential businesses are required to close starting at midnight Friday, March 27. Essential businesses that may remain open include health care facilities, gas stations, grocery stores, convenience stores, banks and credit unions, hardware stores, homeless shelters, food banks, animal health services, gun stores, liquor stores, restaurants, and breweries.

New Jersey

March 24: Governor Phil Murphy announced an administrative order permitting additional retail businesses to operate during their normal business hours. It includes mobile phone retail and repair shops;bicycle shops, but only to provide service and repair; livestock feed stores; nurseries and garden centers; farming equipment stores.

March 21:  Gov. Phil Murphy issues an Executive Order directing nearly all residents to stay at home. All gatherings are cancelled, and all non-essential retail businesses must indefinitely close their physical stores to the public effective 9:00 p.m. tonight.

New Mexico

March 23: Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham issued a statewide “stay-at-home” instruction Monday. The “stay-at-home” orders go into effect at 8 a.m. Tuesday, March 24 and run until April 10.

March 18: Health Secretary Kathy Kunkel has updated the previously issued public health order to include mandatory closures and guidelines. The order mandates that indoor shopping malls must close.

New York

March 20: Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo told New York’s 19 million residents to stay indoors as much as possible and ordered nonessential businesses to keep all of their workers home. “These provisions will be enforced,” the governor said at a briefing in Albany. “These are not helpful hints.” They will take effect Sunday night.

North Carolina

March 28: Gov. Roy Cooper ordered people in the state of North Carolina to stay at home for 30 days, until April 29.  The order takes effect on Monday, March 30 at 5 p.m. and reduces the size of gatherings to 10 people and provides for essential businesses to continue to operate while prioritizing social distancing measures.  The Order has the force of law and will be enforced in all 100 counties statewide.


April 2: Gov. DeWine has extended the state's stay-at-home order to May 1.

April 1: Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine has signed an executive order requesting a 90-day pause on small businesses’ rent or mortgage payments.


March 24: Gov. Stitt has issued a “Safer-At-Home” order asking older and vulnerable people across Oklahoma to stay home, but mayors in the state's major cities, including Oklahoma City, Tulsa and Norman, ordered all residents to do so. 


April 1: Gov. Wolf has issued stay-at-home orders effective April 1 until April 30. All Pennsylvania schools will remain closed until further notice and non-life-sustaining business closures remain in effect. 

Rhode Island

March 28: Gov. Gina Raimondo issued a strict stay-at-home order for the entire state Saturday, and banned any gatherings of more than five people in any public or private space. The order states, "All Rhode Island residents are required to stay home unless traveling to work, traveling for medical treatment or obtaining necessities (food, medicine, gas, etc.). Rhode Island residents may still go outside to exercise and get fresh air, however, they must practice social distancing while outside and avoid touching surfaces frequently touched by others."  In addition, Raimondo directed all Rhode Island residents who work in other states to work from home if possible; if not possible, the worker must self-quarantine when not at work.

March 25: Gov. Raimondo issued new regulations surrounding retail and grocery stores. As of 5 p.m. Thursday, all stores are not permitted to have more than 20% of the fire capacity in the store at one time. They are also required to count the number of customers coming in and out of stores, and mark 6 feet of spacing in lines. Self-serve food, such as buffets and salad bars, are discontinued, and exclusive hours for high-risk populations, such as seniors, are mandated.  Larger grocery stores and retailers with more than 25,000 square feet are encouraged to offer pickup and delivery options.

South Carolina

March 31: Gov. McMaster has issued a sweeping order closing down all non-essential businesses. Businesses to be closed include gyms, spas, nightclubs, barber shops, hair salons, tattoo parlors, waxing salons, massage centers, fitness centers, bowling alleys, arcades, racetracks, indoor children’s play areas, theaters, planetariums, museums, tourist attractions and performing arts centers. It does not apply to grocery stores, drug stores, pharmacies and other businesses deemed essential. Takeout orders from restaurants and window orders from fast food restaurants will still be allowed. Big box stores such as WalMart and Target, which sell groceries and drugs, will be allowed to stay open. Banks and gas stations will also be allowed to stay open.

South Dakota

March 25: Sioux Falls Mayor Paul TenHaken is recommending the Board of Health and City Council force select businesses not let more than 10 people occupy their buildings at the same time.  The types of businesses that would be affected include bars, restaurants, breweries, cafes, casinos, recreation or athletic facilities, health clubs and entertainment venues

March 23: Gov. Noem signed an executive order in South Dakota, based on community spread of COVID-19 in three counties:  Beadle, Lyman and Hughes County. She said the executive order gives business owners, hospitals, city leaders, and citizens guidelines on what to do. However, it stops short of mandating any business shutdowns. That is still up to individual communities

March 22: Rapid City - Officials continue to assess the situation surrounding COVID-19 in South Dakota and say large scale closures will not happen until there is evidence of community spread

March 22: City of Sioux Falls - Board of Health to consider closures of Certain Nonessential Services.  


April 2: Gov. Lee has signed an executive order requiring Tennesseans to stay home unless they are carrying out essential activities. 


March 31: Gov. Abbott took action Tuesday that will allow only essential services to remain open across Texas, The order stops short of statewide shelter in place but extends social distance measures through April 30 and closes schools until May. Abbott’s list of essential services mirrors federal guidance, but could override local orders that had gone further in limiting which types of businesses can stay open. For example, Abbott’s order permits religious services conducted in churches, congregations, and houses of worship to continue. Several counties, including Dallas, had allowed such services to be provided only by video and teleconference. The order is an extension of the one he issued earlier to avoid eating or drinking at bars, restaurants, and food courts, and visiting gyms or massage establishments. It expands the order to include tattoo studios, piercing studios, and cosmetology salons.

March  24: Gov. Greg Abbott declined to issue a statewide order.  He said he preferred local governments decide for themselves.  So far, many of Texas’ largest cities and counties have already announced stay-at-home orders and many others have announced plans to follow suit.

March 19: Governor Greg Abbott announced the executive order covering the shut down of restaurants and bars for all parts of the state, leaving no county in defiance of federal guidelines.  The order is in effect at midnight tonight and will go on until April 3, with an extension pending


March 25: Summit County has ordered residents to shelter in place.  The restriction, which is the first in Utah, will start Friday at midnight. It will be in place until May 1 throughout the county.

March 17: The Southeast Utah Health Department ordered all lodging businesses in Grand, Carbon and Emery Counties not check in anybody unless the guests can prove they work in one of those counties or are directly related to such a person. The order, which was scheduled to go into effect Tuesday at 10 p.m. and to remain in effect for 30 days, also dictates that restaurants in these three counties must limit service to drive-through, pick-up and delivery. Museums, fitness centers, gyms, theaters, pools, bars, taverns, and certain other public facilities must close completely at 10 p.m. Tuesday night.

March 17: Governor Gary Herbert implemented orders including limiting gathering of people to no more than 10 and implementing strict guidelines for food service entities.  Restaurants and other food service entities are ordered to shut down in-facility dining starting at Midnight on Wednesday. Those businesses can provide curbside, drive through delivery and pick-up. The governor’s order supersedes Monday’s recommendations from Wasatch County. Summit County had already implemented this order.

March 16: Salt Lake County - A public health emergency has been declared Monday, requiring restaurants to ban dine-in service starting at 11 p.m. Officials have also asked grocery stores and cafeterias to eliminate seating areas and for retail services to keep customers at least six feet apart.


March 24: Governor Phil Scott has issued a “Stay Home, Stay Safe” order and directed the closure of in-person operations for all non-essential businesses.

March 18: Grocery store workers, and others involved in the food supply chain, are being categorized as essential and eligible for emergency childcare services.


March 30: Gov. Northam has issued a “stay at home” order taking effect from March 30 until June 10, unless it's later amended or rescinded. The order requires people to stay home except for limited circumstances, such as traveling to or from work, seeking medical attention, obtaining goods and services, including food, or engaging in outdoor activity.


April 2: Gov. Inslee has extended the statewide "stay-at-home" order until May 5. All businesses other than those deemed essential (a list that includes grocery stores, pharmacies, banks, and gas stations) are required to remain closed until May 5. 


March 25: Gov. Evers has issued a safer-at-home order, in effect until April 24. All Wisconsinites must stay at home as much as possible and non-essential businesses and operations must cease, with limited exceptions for minimum basic operations and working from home. All public and private gatherings of any number of people that are not part of a single household or living unit are prohibited, except for the limited exceptions contained in the order.